Additionally, Evagrius of Pontus C. They were the result of an abnormal obsession with self. The cure for each of these was an adoption of selfless attitudes towards the world. It has also been suggested that the original classification may have been monastic in origin cf. Cassian, Collationes Patrum, vs. In the later part of the 6th-century C.
Gregory the Great d. The goal of the seven deadly sins was to illustrate for laypersons of the church the need to be mindful of capital sin, or sin which requires penance in Hell. Capital sin is graver than venial sin, which can be forgiven through confession. Pope Gregory's list of Seven Deadly Sins was different from the one found today, and his ranking of the Sins' seriousness was based on the degree that they offended against love.
From least serious to most, were: lust, gluttony, sadness, avarice, anger, envy, and pride. Sadness would later be replaced by acedia sloth , putting off or failing to do what God asks of you. Early church fathers around C. This began with an interpretation of 1 John , which states, "If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death.
There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this. All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not leading to death. Their interpretation of this chapter leads to the notion that some sins those resulting in death or harm to others are more grievous than others those that result in death or harm to self. Several of these sins interlink and various attempts at causal hierarchy have been made.
For example, pride love of self out of proportion is implied in gluttony the over-consumption or waste of food , as well as sloth, envy and most of the others. Each sin is a particular way of failing to love God with all one's resources and to love fellows as much as self. The Scholastic theologians developed schema of attributes and substance of will to explain these sins.
However, the highly influential theologian and philosopher Thomas Aquinas contradicted the notion that the seriousness of the capital sins should be ranked.
In medieval scholasticism the Seven Deadly Sins were the focus of considerable attention . Beginning in the early 14th-century, the popularity of depicting the Seven Deadly Sins by artists of the time ingrained them in western popular consciousness. The Italian poet Dante Alighieri C. In his book Inferno, Dante recounts the visions he has in a dream in which he enters and descends into Hell. According to Dante, he is told by his guide that a soul's location in Hell is based upon the sins that they commit when they are alive.
In each 'ring' of hell, a specific punishment is doled out. As they descend lower and lower, the punishments and consequently sins become worse and worse until he reaches the bottom and discovers Satan. In Inferno, Dante encounters these sins in the following order canto number : Lust 5 , Gluttony 6 , Avarice 7 , Wrath , Heresy 10 , Violence , Blasphemy 14 , Fraud , and Treachery In modern times, references to the Seven Deadly Sins continue to be a popular topic in music and art.
In the official Catechism of the Catholic Church, consisting of 2, numbered sections and first published in , by order of Pope John Paul II , the seven deadly sins are dealt with in one paragraph. The principal codification of moral transgression for Christians continues to be the Ten Commandments and the Beatitudes, which are a positive statement of morality.
Lust fornication, perversion — Obsessive, unlawful depraved thought, or unnatural desire for sexual excitement, such as desiring sex with a person outside marriage or engaging in unnatural sexual appetites. Rape and sodomy are considered to be extreme lust and are said to be mortal sins. Dante's criterion was "excessive love of others," thereby detracting from the love due to God.
Lust prevents clarity of thought and rational behavior. Gluttony waste, overindulgence — Thoughtless waste of everything, overindulgence, misplaced sensuality, uncleanliness, and maliciously depriving others. Marked by refusal to share and unreasonable consumption of more than is necessary, especially food or water. Destruction, especially for sport.
Substance abuse or binge drinking. Dante explains it as "excessive love of pleasure". Greed treachery, avarice — A strong desire to gain, especially in money or power. Disloyalty, deliberate betrayal, or treason, especially for personal gain or when compensated.
Scavenging and hoarding of materials or objects. Theft and robbery by violence. Simony is the evolution of avarice because it fills you with the urge to make money by selling things within the confines of the church.
This sin is abhorred by the Catholic Church and is seen as a sin of malice. Dante included this sin in his first novel. Simony can be viewed as betrayal. Thomas Aquinas on greed: "it is a sin against God, just as all mortal sins, in as much as man condemns things eternal for the sake of temporal things. Sloth apathy, indifference — Apathy, idleness, and wastefulness of time.
Laziness is particularly condemned because others must work harder to make up for it. Cowardice or irresponsibility.
The seven deadly sins, also known as the capital vices, or cardinal sins, is a grouping and . Lust, or lechery (Latin: luxuria (carnal)), is intense longing. Early Christians used these seven major human vices to educate followers about the human trend to always default to sin. The list was.
Abandonment, especially of God. Dante wrote that sloth is the "failure to love God with all one's heart, all one's mind and all one's soul".
Wrath anger, hatred — Inappropriate unrighteous feelings of hatred and anger. Denial of the truth to others or self. Impatience or revenge outside of justice. TheRepository 22d.
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